COVID-19 is mostly spread through DROPLETS and FOMITES during CLOSE and UNPROTECTED contact.
This can be through coughing, sneezing, and close personal contact such as touching or shaking hands.
The can also live on surfaces for different amount of time. It can live on plastic and steel surfaces for several days. Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your face or other exposed areas before washing your hands increases the risk of spreading COVID-19.
Good hand hygiene, masks, and physical distancing are important in preventing the spread of COVID-19.
more information about how respiratory diseases are spread
When we talk about how some diseases spread, we often use the terms like droplet, airborne, and fomites. What do they mean?
DROPLET - These are produced when you cough, sneeze, or even talk. Droplets are large and heavy so they fall to the ground quickly, typically within 2 meters or 6 feet.
AIRBORNE - These particles are like droplets that are much smaller in size and so can float in the air. They eventually fall to the ground, but just take a longer time.
FOMITES - Fomites are any object that can could be infected with a virus, such as door handles, cell phones, and more.
Close contact means being within 2 meters (6 feet) of a person confirmed to have COVID-19 for a long period of time or coming into contact with the secretions of that person.
For example, briefly walking by someone on a sidewalk is not considered close contact.